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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2828\margr3868\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2828\margrsxn3868\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li758\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 THE BUDDHA'S LIFE : DATE OF DEATH         101}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri7\sb228\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 he decided to promulgate his message to the world, and accordingly he first turned the wheel of the Law \expndtw10 in motion at Sarnath. His first converts were those \expndtw9 very five \i Bhiksus, \i0 who had abandoned his company \expndtw8 in .the forests of Uruvela, thinking Sramana Gotama \expndtw6 to have deviated from the path of penances for the \expndtw8 pleasures of the palate. For the next forty-five years \expndtw12 his life was one of incessant activity. He preached \expndtw6 to the people in their vernacular, and won their heart \expndtw7 and mind by his noble teachings, kindness, moral \expndtw8 grandeur, and deep sympathy. Princes and peasants, \expndtw7 all extended their support to him, and within a short \expndtw-1 time his \i Samgha \i0 grew into a mighty organisation. Bud\-\expndtw3 dhism had a chequered career in India, and although it \expndtw5 has now almost disappeared from the land of its birth, it is still a powerful religion in the East and Far East, \expndtw0 and holds sway in various forms over countless millions \expndtw-3 of men.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li26\fi0\ri0\sb269\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 Date of the Buddha's Death}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi458\ri19\sb173\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 After a long and successful ministry, the Buddha \expndtw0 passed away at the age of eighty at Kusinagara, modern \expndtw4 Kasia in the Gorakhpur district, where some years ago \expndtw5 a colossal statue of the Master was discovered in a \expndtw7 reclining posture. It is difficult to determine exactly the date of this event, which may be regarded as one \expndtw3 of the most important points in our system of chrono\-\expndtw13 logy. Vincent Smith placed it in 486-87 B.C., but \expndtw5 the year 483 B.C., as proposed by Fleet and Geiger on \expndtw0 a thorough examination of the available data, may be \expndtw7 accepted as very near the truth.\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi367\ri0\sb403\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ^\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 See E. J. Thomas, \i The Ltfe of Buddha \i0 (London, 1927); H. \expndtw0 Oldenberg, \i Buddha \i0 (London, 1882).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi358\ri12\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2\nosupersub  Some scholars, on the other hand, take 543 B.C. to be the date of the Buddha's \i Parinibbana.}\par }